Montreal, update your numbers: there are now 4 million people living in the metropolitan area.
March 4, 2015 The latest population estimates from Statistics Canada upgraded the regionâ€™s denizens to a nice round number as of July 1, 2014 (well, 4,027,100 to be precise). And greater Toronto, long known for its 5 million inhabitants, broke the 6 million mark between 2013 and 2014. The main driver of growth in cities is foreign immigrants, as it has been in the recent past.
International migration was responsible for just over two-thirds of the population growth of census metropolitan areas (CMAs) in 2013-2014,â€_x009d_a release from the stats bureau said. â€œAll CMAs with over 1 million inhabitants reported growth rates from international migration of 1 per cent or higher, accounting for most of their population growth (71 per cent).â€_x009d_ The metro areas that gained the most people continue to be in the Prairies and Western Canada, with Calgary, Edmonton, and Saskatoon being the biggest winners. Over one year, their populations grew by 3.6, 3.3, and 3.2 per cent, respectively.
These metropolitan regions also boast the highest economic growth in the country. Metro Montreal grew by 1.1 per cent over the same period, and Toronto by 1.5 per cent.
The metro area with the largest loss of people was Saint John, N.B, which saw a decrease of 0.5 per cent.
Montreal continues to lose people to other provinces (interprovincial migration) and other areas of Quebec (intra-provincial migration). Between 2013 and 2014, the metro area had a net loss of 10,000 to other provinces, and 7,000 people to other municipalities within the province.
â€œIn particular, the number of people leaving Montreal CMA to municipalities just outside it (such as Les-Pays-dâ€™en-Haut and Montcalm) is higher than that of people migrating in the opposite direction,â€_x009d_ said Patrick Charbonneau, demographer at StatCan.
This was consistent with other large CMAs, like Toronto and Vancouver. Their losses were the gains of smaller CMAs like Barrie, Ont. and Kelowna B.C.
In Quebec, larger CMAs like Quebec City, Sherbrooke and Trois RiviÃ¨res also had net gains.
However, Montreal gained 42,800 immigrants or 18 per cent of all immigrants to Canada. This is a decrease from past years. Between 2012 and 2013, Montreal received 46,400 immigrants, and 44,800 the year before.
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